For effective preparedness, emergency managers must comprehend how a disaster impacts not only the physical infrastructure of the affected community but also the population. They must understand how the people interact with one another, how they interact with government, and how they react to the disaster event. In other words, they must have social intelligence. Emergency Management and Social Intelligence: A Comprehensive All-Hazards Approach provides a comprehensive framework for understanding a community before, during, and after a disaster in order to best mitigate the effect of a disaster on its people.
After an overview of what we’ve learned and what we haven’t learned from past events, the book provides detailed case studies on a spectrum of disasters spanning a century, including hurricanes, floods, earthquakes, and oil spills. This context provides a framework for understanding a host of essential issues, including:
The interplay between how people perceive people in their communities, the public policy which results from socially constructed views, and the issues which surface during and after disaster as a result
The base logic of Social Intelligence which is rooted in the U.S. national security and intelligence apparatus
The application of the intelligence cycle in emergency management and how to develop and understand situational awareness
Baseline data points applicable to any community or jurisdiction and how they can be woven together to build on existing jurisdictional competence and real-time situational awareness
How geographic information systems (GISs) are used in emergency management, along with their limitations and the different software programs available
Modeling for disasters and how this helps the emergency management community plan for and respond to disasters
How emergency managers can use social intelligence to build resiliency at the local level and harness preexisting community strength before, during, and after a disaster
The insight presented in this volume supplies emergency managers, policy makers, and elected officials with a powerful blueprint for implementing social intelligence in any community or organization, maximizing the effectiveness of disaster recovery efforts. Equally important, this volume supplies emergency managers, municipalities, government organizations, and private sector entities with a framework to understand and identify social and economic fault lines in communities.